Peano, Giuseppe

(1858–1932)
   The son of a peasant family from a small village near Cuneo in Piedmont, Giuseppe Peano was one of the most important mathematicians of his day. He began his university career in 1876 at Turin, where he would continue to work and teach for the rest of his career. In 1884, he edited and published a new edition of a textbook on calculus written by his professor, Angelo Genocchi, who, with a most unacademic modesty, declared in the preface that most of the revisions and innovations in the book were to be attributed to “that outstanding young man Dr. Giuseppe Peano.” In 1889, Peano published (in Latin) what have since become known as the Peano axioms. These are a landmark in the history of mathematical logic, a field of which Peano, along with Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell, can justly claim to be the founder. Russell met Peano at the International Conference of Philosophy in Paris in 1900 and described the encounter as a “turning point” in his life. Russell recounts that in the discussions at the conference, Peano “was always more precise than anybody else” and always “got the better of any argument on which he embarked.” Russell and Alfred North Whitehead’s great work Principia Matematica was hugely indebted to Peano’s groundbreaking ideas. Peano was also responsible for other great discoveries, notably “space-filling” curves in 1890 and innovations in vector analysis and differential equations. Peano devoted many years of his life to working on the huge Formulario Matematico, a giant textbook containing over 4,000 theorems and formulae, which finally appeared in 1908. The book was published in Interlingua, a language Peano had invented whose grammar was based upon a simplified form of Latin. This did little for the work’s international appeal. Peano died of a heart attack in 1932.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Peano, Giuseppe — ▪ Italian mathematician born Aug. 27, 1858, Cuneo, Kingdom of Sardinia [now in Italy] died April 20, 1932, Turin, Italy       Italian mathematician and a founder of symbolic logic (logic) whose interests centred on the foundations of mathematics… …   Universalium

  • Peano , Giuseppe — (1858–1932) Italian mathematician and logician Peano, who was born at Spinetta near Cuneo, in Italy, studied at the University of Turin and was an assistant there from 1880. He became extraordinary professor of infinitesimal calculus in 1890 and… …   Scientists

  • Peano — Giuseppe …   Scientists

  • Giuseppe Peano — (* 27. August 1858 in Spinetta, heute Teil von Cuneo, Piemont; † 20. April 1932 in Turin) war ein italienischer Mathematiker. Er arbeitete in Turin und befasste sich mit mathematischer Logik, mit der Axiomatik der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peano — Giuseppe Peano Giuseppe Peano (* 27. August 1858 in Spinetta, Piemont; † 20. April 1932 in Turin) war ein italienischer Mathematiker. Er arbeitete in Turin und befasste sich mit mathematischer Logik, mit der Axiomatik der natürlichen Zahlen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Peano — Giuseppe Peano. Nacimiento 27 de agosto de 1858 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peano — Giuseppe Peano Giuseppe Peano Giuseppe Peano (Spinetta di Cuneo (Coni), 27 août 1858 Turin, 20 avril 1932) est un mathématicien italien de la fin du XIXe et du début du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peano — Peano,   Giuseppe, italienischer Mathematiker und Logiker, * Spinetta (bei Cuneo) 27. 8. 1858, ✝ Turin 20. 4. 1932; Schüler von A. Genocchi, dessen Analysisvorlesungen er in Buchform herausbrachte, 1890 Professor in Turin. Peano trat zuerst als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Peano — (Giuseppe) (1858 1932) mathématicien et logicien italien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Peano-Axiom — ℕ Die natürlichen Zahlen sind die beim Zählen verwendeten Zahlen 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 usw. Oft wird auch die 0 (Null) zu den natürlichen Zahlen gerechnet. Sie bilden bezüglich der Addition und der Multiplikation einen (additiv und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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